The Effect of Output on Subsequent Input in EFL Contexts

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Lecturer, English Department, Sheikhbahaee University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Associate Professor, English Department, Shahreza Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahreza, Iran


This study sought to investigate the effect of output processing on subsequent input processing. To this end, a recall task was used to measure the effect of output on subsequent input processing. The participants were selected from learners of English as a foreign language (EFL). They were homogeneous in terms of their language proficiency. The participants were assigned to two treatment groups: one output and one non-output. The output group went through three phases beginning with writing a story in English based on four cartoon pictures. Then, they read a model story describing these cartoon pictures. Finally, they were asked to recall the story in as much detail as possible. While the non-output group went through only the last two steps (input and recall). The results showed that when the participants produced the output and then received the input, they could recall the subsequent input better.